Elizabeth Hinderliter hosted the November 2 meeting of the Home Culture Club.  She was assisted by her lovely daughter-in-law, Nina Hinderliter. The meeting was opened by President Linda Gray.  The club members read the club creed, and then Elizabeth told about Oklahoma Indians.

  Elizabeth had a map that showed all the tribes located in Oklahoma , 67 to be exact.  She told that there was evidence of Native Americans around the Anadarko area as long ago as 11,000 years.  The Mounds People, around the Heavener and Poteau areas, were thought to be in existence around 500 to 1300 AD.  The Osage, Quapaw, and Choctaw tribes were here before the Five Civilized Nations moved in under an 1830 treaty. They were called “nations” then as they had their own government, schools, and judicial entities.  The Choctaws also had their Light Horsemen. The word “Choctaw” means “Oklahoma-Home of the Red Man.”

 Sequoyah, a Cherokee, developed the written language of his people, which took 12 years.  It is comprised of 86 symbols and is reportedly easy to learn.

 The Osage struck oil while the Quapaw sold 45 million acres of land to the government for $18.000.  They later moved to northeastern Oklahoma and had royalties from lead and zinc. The Plains Indians were mainly hunters, did a little farming, and traveled.

 After the Civil War, the Nations were pushed to reservations. Elizabeth told that Geronimo, whose name is known to most people, was a peaceful medicine man until the white men killed his first wife and sons. In 1905 the Five Civilized Tribes wanted to form their own state of Sequoyah, but the government would not allow it.

Important Native Americans include Will Rogers, Jim Thorpe, Charles Curtis, Quanah Parker, Robert L. Owens, Admiral Jocko Clark, and Charles W. Tinker, to name a few.  Important Native American ballerinas were sisters Maria and MarjorieTallchief, Rosella Hightower, and Yvonne Chouteau. N. Scott Momaday, who won the 1969 Pulitzer Prize in literature for his book “The House Made of Dawn”, is the only Native American to win this prize to date.

 Deanna Francis read the minutes from the previous meeting, which were approved as corrected.  Mildred Cox told the group about the connection between Native American models and cowboy artists in America .  Loren Entz is a Native American artist whose work has become very meaningful, and his favorite model is a Native American man with green hair.  Carolyn Shryock reminded everyone that mid-term elections (this is an even-numbered year) are on November 7.  She also asked others why the rooster and the eagle now appear to be the new symbols of the two major parties.  Wanda Powell told that her son-in-law, Paul Toon, is now the newest member of the board at Cimarron Memorial.  Faye Pitzer handed out five packets of wildflower seeds to each member, and she was grateful to Cheri Brown and Iris Imler at the Soil Conservation Service for providing the packets. Deanna Francis shared that LaRue Myers will be exhibiting her paintings at the Goodwell Museum during November.  Elizabeth Hinderliter told that in the last decade, many family physicians have opted to go into specialties.

 There was no old business.  In new business, it was decided to defer any action on deciding how many persons to select from the Angel Trees until the next meeting.  The roll call of naming a favorite Oklahoma tribe was answered by Carolyn Shryock, Ginger Odell, Linda Gray, Susie Odell, Faye Pitzer, Dorothy Sechler, Elizabeth Hinderliter, Wanda Powell, Mildred Cox, Deanna Francis, and Nancy Roberts.  Elizabeth and Nina served delicious peach pie with ice cream.  The next meeting will be November 16 at the home of Ginger Odell.

Boise City News
P.O. Box 278
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Boise City, Oklahoma 73933-0278
Phone: 580 544-2222
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